Alans

   A barbarian people who fled westward when the Huns swept across southern Russia (qq.v.) in the late fourth century. In 406 they crossed the Rhine (q.v.), and devastated cities in Gaul (q.v.) before crossing into Spain (q.v.) in 409. In Spain their king was slain and they were conquered by the Visigoths (q.v.). They served in various Byzantine, German and Hunnic armies, including those of Attila (q.v.). The most famous Byzantine general of Alan descent, Aspar (q.v.), had enormous influence in the eastern court in the mid-fifth century. In the early eighth century, Justinian II (q.v.) sent an embassy to the Alans of the northern Caucasus. In the 10th century Alania, as Byzantine sources refer to it, was the object of Byzantine diplomacy and church missions. Constantine IX (q.v.) fell in love with a young hostage from Alania, described (in the Chronographia, Book Six) by Michael Psellos (q.v.) as being the daughter of the Alanian king. However, Maria of Alania (q.v.), who figures so prominently in Anna Komnene's (q.v.) Alexiad, was actually Georgian. Anna Komnene also refers to Alan mercenaries as great fighters (Alexiad, Book 12). However, in the early 14th century they proved unsuccessful in fighting against the Turks and against the Catalan Grand Company (qq.v.), which annihilated them in 1306.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • alans — Alans, voyez Allans …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Alans — The Alans or Alani (occasionally but more rarely termed Alauni or Halani) were an Iranian [Encyclopedia Iranica, Alans V. I. Abaev External link: [http://www.iranica.com/newsite/index.isc?Article=http://www.iranica.com/newsite/articles/unicode/v1f… …   Wikipedia

  • Alans —    A central Asian people who moved into southern Russia, the Alans participated in the migrations of peoples of the fourth and fifth centuries. Unlike other barbarian groups such as the Huns, the Alans never formed a united hoard, and therefore… …   Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe

  • Alans — This interesting name is of Celtic origin, and derives from a personal name of great antiquity. The name Alan, is thought to derive from the Gaelic ailin , little rock, a diminutive of ail , rock, and was introduced into England and later to… …   Surnames reference

  • Alans — Dieser Artikel wurde aufgrund von inhaltlichen Mängeln in der Qualitätssicherung des Portals Hund zur Verbesserung eingetragen. Dies geschieht, um die Qualität der Hundeartikel auf ein akzeptables Niveau zu bringen. Bitte hilf mit, diesen Artikel …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alans — noun knickers (shortened form of Alan Whickers) …   Wiktionary

  • ALANS —    a barbarous horde from the East, who invaded W. Europe in the 4th and 5th centuries, but were partly exterminated and partly ousted by the Visigoths …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • alans — Cockney Rhyming Slang Pants …   English dialects glossary

  • Alans — n pl British knickers, panties. The terms are non working class rhyming slang, heard among young people, particularly stu dents, in the 1970s and 1980s. The reference was to Alan Whicker, a well known punctilious and dapper televi sion… …   Contemporary slang

  • alans — …   Useful english dictionary

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